வார்ப்புரு:Taxobox

கட்டற்ற கலைக்களஞ்சியமான விக்கிப்பீடியாவில் இருந்து.
தாவிச் செல்லவும்: வழிசெலுத்தல், தேடல்
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"WP:TX" redirects here. the WikiProject on the American state of Texas, காண்க Wikipedia:WikiProject Texas.

This template sets up a {{taxobox}}, as a right-side infobox table setting out the biological classification (taxonomy) for a group of living things, with a choice of over 160 parameters. Although the implementation is complicated, it is relatively simple to use. For an example in practice, look at the edit page of "Killer whale" – [1]. Most parameters are optional, so if a particular entry is not relevant for your case, just leave it out. See below section "All parameters" for a complete list.

This guide has come out of WikiProject Tree of life.

Usage[தொகு]

Note that parameters in this template are case-sensitive.

{{Taxobox
| name               = 
| image              = 
| image_upright      =
| image_alt          = 
| image_caption      = 
| image2             = 
| image2_upright     =
| image2_alt         = 
| image2_caption     = 
| regnum             = [[Plant]]ae (or...)
| divisio            = 
| classis            = 
| ordo               = 
| familia            = 
| genus              = 
| species            = 
| binomial           = 
| binomial_authority = 
| range_map          = <!--optional map - also range map2, 3 or 4 -->
| range_map_width    = 
| range map_alt      = 
| range_map_caption  = 
| <!--or 115 other parameters-->
}}

Colors are automatically assigned based on the table below.

Eukaryota transparent; text-align:center; border: 2px solid red; error:colour under development for eukaryotes with no other colour defined
Animalia rgb(235,235,210)
Archaeplastida rgb(180,250,180) also Plantae and Viridiplantae
Fungi rgb(145,250,250)
SAR transparent; text-align:center; border: 2px solid red; error:colour also Chromalveolata
Choanozoa rgb(238,235,195) also Opisthokonta
Excavata rgb(250,250,100) also Protista
Amoebozoa rgb(170,250,205)
Bacteria rgb(220,235,245) also Firmicutes; many Bacteria taxoboxes are actually light grey
Archaea rgb(195,245,250) also Nanoarchaeota (Nanarchaeota), Korarchaeota, Thaumarchaeota, Crenarchaeota and Euryarchaeota
Viruses rgb(250,250,190)
incertae sedis rgb(250,240,230)
Colours not produced by this template:
Ichnotaxa rgb(215,240,210)
Ootaxa rgb(250,250,220)

Quick start and examples[தொகு]

Animals[தொகு]

Animal species[தொகு]
Asian golden cat
Orange cat sitting with head up and eyes almost closed.
உயிரியல் வகைப்பாடு
திணை: Animalia
தொகுதி: Chordata
வகுப்பு: Mammalia
வரிசை: Carnivora
குடும்பம்: Felidae
பேரினம்: Catopuma
இனம்: C. temminckii
இருசொற் பெயரீடு
Catopuma temminckii
(Vigors & Horsfield, 1827)
{{Taxobox 
| name               = 
| image              = 
| image_alt          = 
| image_caption      = 
| regnum             = [[Animal]]ia
| phylum             = 
| classis            = 
| ordo               = 
| familia            = 
| genus              = 
| species            = 
| binomial           = 
| binomial_authority = 
}}
Animal higher taxon[தொகு]
Rorquals
Underwater humpback whale diving, with front flipper extended.
Humpback whale, Megaptera novaeangliae
உயிரியல் வகைப்பாடு
திணை: Animalia
தொகுதி: Chordata
வகுப்பு: Mammalia
வரிசை: Cetacea
துணைவரிசை: Mysticeti
குடும்பம்: Balaenopteridae
Gray, 1864
Genera

Balaenoptera
Megaptera

{{Taxobox 
| regnum            = [[Animal]]ia
| phylum            = 
| classis           = 
| ordo              = 
| familia           = 
| genus             = 
| genus_authority   = 
| subdivision_ranks = 
| subdivision       = 
}}

Plants[தொகு]

The majority of plants are angiosperms ("flowering plants"). Wikipedia:WikiProject Plants consensus is to use the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group's APG III classification system for angiosperms. The APG III system does not have formally named divisions or classes, but includes several hierarchically nested, informally named clades. The hierarchy of informally named clades is presented by using parameters such as |unranked divisio= in place of formal rank parameters. Articles on non-flowering plants (e.g. conifers, ferns) should continue to use formal divisions and classes in the Taxobox.

Flowering plant species[தொகு]
Magnolia virginiana
White flower surrounded by long green leaves.
Magnolia virginiana
உயிரியல் வகைப்பாடு
திணை: Plantae
தரப்படுத்தப்படாத: Angiosperms
தரப்படுத்தப்படாத: Magnoliids
வரிசை: Magnoliales
குடும்பம்: Magnoliaceae
பேரினம்: Magnolia
இனம்: M. virginiana
இருசொற் பெயரீடு
Magnolia virginiana
L.
{{Taxobox 
| name               = 
| image              = 
| image_alt          = 
| image_caption      = 
| regnum             = [[Plant]]ae
| unranked_divisio   = [[Angiosperms]]
| unranked_classis   = 
| unranked_ordo      = 
| ordo               = 
| familia            = 
| genus              = 
| species            = 
| binomial           = 
| binomial_authority = 
}}
Flowering plant higher taxon[தொகு]
Oaks
Cluster of oak leaves and acorns.
Foliage and acorns of the pedunculate oak, Quercus robur
உயிரியல் வகைப்பாடு
திணை: Plantae
தரப்படுத்தப்படாத: Angiosperms
தரப்படுத்தப்படாத: Eudicots
தரப்படுத்தப்படாத: Rosids
வரிசை: Fagales
குடும்பம்: Fagaceae
பேரினம்: Quercus
L.
Species

See List of Quercus species.

{{Taxobox 
| image             = 
| image_alt         = 
| image_caption     = 
| regnum            = [[Plant]]ae
| unranked_divisio  = [[Angiosperms]]
| unranked_classis  = 
| unranked_ordo     = 
| ordo              = 
| familia           = 
| genus             = 
| genus_authority   = 
| subdivision_ranks = 
| subdivision       = 
}}

Parameters[தொகு]

Name[தொகு]

Provided under this parameter should be the single most common vernacular name when one is in widespread use, or a single current scientific name otherwise.

The name parameter should not be used to incorporate more than one name. It is only a header and not meant to be an inclusive "names" field. One will suffice. Please assess the relevant literature in deciding which.

Color[தொகு]

The color is automatically assigned based on the entry for |regnum=, |unranked_regnum=, |virus_group=, |unranked_phylum=, |unranked_superdivisio= or |phylum=, in that order (see Template:Taxobox); there is no need to specify it manually. If you do, be sure to use rgb or hsl format; see examples below.

Eukaryota transparent; text-align:center; border: 2px solid red; error:colour under development for eukaryotes with no other colour defined
Animalia rgb(235,235,210)
Archaeplastida rgb(180,250,180) also Plantae and Viridiplantae
Fungi rgb(145,250,250)
SAR transparent; text-align:center; border: 2px solid red; error:colour also Chromalveolata
Choanozoa rgb(238,235,195) also Opisthokonta
Excavata rgb(250,250,100) also Protista
Amoebozoa rgb(170,250,205)
Bacteria rgb(220,235,245) also Firmicutes; many Bacteria taxoboxes are actually light grey
Archaea rgb(195,245,250) also Nanoarchaeota (Nanarchaeota), Korarchaeota, Thaumarchaeota, Crenarchaeota and Euryarchaeota
Viruses rgb(250,250,190)
incertae sedis rgb(250,240,230)
Colours not produced by this template:
Ichnotaxa rgb(215,240,210)
Ootaxa rgb(250,250,220)

The eukaryote box uses the color "rgb(224, 208, 176)", but since it is split completely into kingdoms other eukaryote groups should not.

Classification[தொகு]

As noted above, the classification section includes some or all of the following:

| regnum  = 
| phylum  = 
| classis = 
| ordo    = 
| familia = 
| genus   = 
| species = 

Each entry corresponds to a containing group, except for the last, which should be the group under consideration. Note the entries use the Latin names for the ranks, to make porting between Wikipedias easier. Thus the above correspond to the kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, and species.

Red wood ant
உயிரியல் வகைப்பாடு
திணை: Animalia
தொகுதி: Arthropoda
வகுப்பு: Insecta
வரிசை: Hymenoptera
குடும்பம்: Formicidae
துணைக்குடும்பம்: Formicinae
சிற்றினம்: Formicini
பேரினம்: Formica
இனம்: F. rufa
இருசொற் பெயரீடு
Formica rufa
Linnaeus, 1761

Taxoboxes should include all major ranks above the taxon described in the article, plus minor ranks that are important to understanding the classification of the taxon described in the article, or which are discussed in the article. Other minor ranks should be omitted.

For example, in the taxobox for the genus Formica, it's appropriate to include entries for tribe and subfamily, since those are an aid to understanding how Formica relates to other genera in the family Formicidae. But it wouldn't be appropriate to include the superorder Endopterygota, since all genera of ants are in that superorder; it isn't particularly interesting at this level.

Another example is the subfamily Bambusoideae, the bamboos. This subfamily probably should be mentioned in the taxobox of every bamboo species, since it is a major grouping in this context, despite its minor rank.

Minor ranks are included in the same way as major ranks, for example:

| classis    = ...
| subclassis = ...
| superordo  = ...
| ordo       = ...

Note that species and subspecies should be given using the abbreviated forms of their name — e.g. H. sapiens, H. s. sapiens. The epithets should not be given by themselves. The full form of the species or subspecies name is given in the binomial or trinomial section.

See #All parameters for a complete list.

Classification status[தொகு]

With the |classification_status= parameter, it is possible to introduce extra text within parentheses after "Scientific classification". For example, |classification_status=disputed will produce "Scientific classification (disputed)". See Veratalpa for a current example where this parameter is used. This parameter should only be used when the "Scientific classification" text would be misleading without it.

Divisions and sections[தொகு]

These ranks have different meanings in zoology and botany.

In botany:

  • Use divisio for division (a rank above class and below kingdom)
  • Use sectio for section (a rank above species and below genus)

Note: Certain very large genera, e.g. Rhododendron include subsections

In zoology:

  • Use zoodivisio for division (a rank above family and below order)
  • Use zoosectio for section (a rank above family and below order)
Unranked taxa[தொகு]

For each major taxon from family to phylum, you can add an unranked entry to the taxobox. The entry unranked_X appears above rank X, for example unranked_superfamilia appears above family and superfamily and below order, suborder, infraorder, etc.:

| ordo                  = 
| unranked_superfamilia = 
| familia               = 

For animals and non-flowering plants, use unranked taxa sparingly. The need to include unranked taxa generally indicates that you are following phylogenetic nomenclature. It is usually better to abbreviate the classification to the major ranks and then discuss the classification in more detail in the article.

Unranked taxa of flowering plants[தொகு]

Flowering plants (angiosperms) make frequent use of unranked taxa. The APG III system of classification used for flowering plants on Wikipedia does not have formally named ranks above order - e.g. divisions, classes, subclasses - but includes several hierarchically nested, informally named and unranked clades. For flowering plants the taxobox should include |unranked_divisio=Angiosperms in place of |divisio=, |unranked_classis= in place of |classis=, and possibly also |unranked_subclassis= in place of |subclassis=. Flowering plant taxoboxes may often include three to four informal hierarchical groups above the rank of order, making the use of |unranked_ordo= necessary, which sorts itself just above |ordo= where a formally named order is displayed. The unranked parameters only include ranks in their parameter names, such as "unranked divisio" to allow the editor to place content hierarchically; no approximation of rank is intended by the use of these parameter names. For flowering plant articles using the APG III system of classification, the regular parameters including |divisio=, |classis=, and |subclassis= should not be used or it will display between these unranked APG III clades.

To comply with #Classification above and its advice on the inclusion of major ranks, the following are considered major ranks in APG III and currently included in the appropriate flowering plant taxoboxes:

Note: The rosids contain two clades, the fabids (also known as eurosids I) and malvids (also known as eurosids II), and the asterids contain two further clades, the lamiids (euasterids I) and campanulids (euasterids II). These are considered to be minor ranks and are only to be displayed on the articles on orders or families they immediately contain.

A taxobox for a flowering plant will thus generally include the following parameters:

| regnum             = [[Plant]]ae
| unranked_divisio   = [[Angiosperms]]
| unranked_classis   =
| unranked_ordo      =
| ordo               = 
Viruses[தொகு]

Viruses follow a slightly different system. They are not placed in taxa above the rank of order, and instead are treated in seven groups based on the type of nucleic acid they contain, referred to by the Roman numerals I to VII. These can be included in the taxobox using the |virus group= parameter. This also changes the link from scientific to virus classification, so it should not appear on boxes for non-viruses, even if it is left blank.

| virus_group = IV

Bold/italic markup[தொகு]

Italicization must be done manually in all parameters. If the entry for genus or species (with manually added italics) matches the page title,[note 1] then the name of the taxobox and the title of the page will be italicized. Note that if the |name= parameter is used the page title will not be automatically italicized. The taxobox's name will be set to exactly what is specified in |name= – italics must be specified manually in this case.

Genus, species, and subspecies should be italicized whenever used, as is the biological standard. For instance, we talk about the genus Homo, the species Homo sapiens, and the subspecies Homo sapiens sapiens.

  • In botany, it is important to include the rank for taxa below species. The rank is not italicized, e.g. Genus species subsp. subspecies var. variety.
  • Some bacteria that have been characterized but not formally named are given Candidatus names. These should be written in the form Candidatus Genus species, rather than italicized normally.

Higher taxa like families may or may not be italicized in different publications. The prevalent standard for Wikipedia is not to italicize them, except in the case of viruses and other infectious particles.

Bolding is used to indicate the subject of the article. The |name=, |binomial=, and |trinomial= parameters bold automatically. In the placement section – |regnum= through |species= – the final taxon should be bolded, as well as any higher groups that only include the final taxon. See green sulfur bacteria for an example.

Subdivisions[தொகு]

Nettle
உயிரியல் வகைப்பாடு
திணை: Plantae
தரப்படுத்தப்படாத: Angiosperms
தரப்படுத்தப்படாத: Eudicots
தரப்படுத்தப்படாத: Rosids
வரிசை: Rosales
குடும்பம்: Urticaceae
பேரினம்: Urtica
L.
Species
  • U. angustifolia
  • U. ardens
  • U. atrichocaulis
  • U. atrovirens
  • U. cannabina
  • U. chamaedryoides
  • U. dioica
  • U. dubia
  • U. ferox
  • U. fissa
  • U. galeopsifolia
  • U. gracilenta
  • U. hyperborea
  • U. incisa
  • U. kioviensis
  • U. laetivirens
  • U. linearifolia
  • U. mairei
  • U. membranacea
  • U. morifolia
  • U. parviflora
  • U. pilulifera
  • U. platyphylla
  • U. pubescens
  • U. rupestris
  • U. sondenii
  • U. taiwaniana
  • U. thunbergiana
  • U. triangularisa
  • U. urens

Groups above the rank of species (and even species if there are several notable subspecies) should usually include a list of subgroups. Use the |subdivision= parameter for the list. The list can be formatted using a number of templates, such as the specialized {{linked taxon list}} and {{linked species list}}, which deal with authorities as well (see the documentation at Template:Taxon list for variant templates), or using a general list template such as {{columns-list}}. Use the |subdivision_ranks= parameter to say what rank the subgroups have. For instance, for families in an order:

| subdivision_ranks = Families
| subdivision       =
  {{linked taxon list
  |Family1|Authority1
  |Family2|Authority2
  |Family3|Authority3
  }}

For lists with more than a few subgroups, the list can be bracketed with {{div col}} and {{div col end}}, which will split the list into two columns (see Nettle example at right). In cases where a list would make the taxobox too long, or where the classification is too variable to allow a brief summary, the list should be replaced with a comment like "See text" or the subdivision section should be omitted. As a rule of thumb, when there are more than 100 subgroups the list should be in a separate article.

In cases where the classification is variable, a description like "Typical orders" or "Notable orders" may be used.

In cases where the ranks are uncertain, a description like "Subgroups" or "Taxa" may be preferable. Sometimes it is convenient to represent more than one level of classification in the list. In that case the lower level groups are moved over to the right by prefixing them with &nbsp; characters – usually three for the first level of indentation, and then one to three more for each subsequent level. Major grades may also be represented by bolded headers, as on plant and heterokont. Remember, though, these should mainly be done when the intermediate rank subgroups are not worthy of separate articles; taxoboxes are too small to include too much duplicate information.

Conservation status[தொகு]

முதன்மை page: Wikipedia:Conservation status

Conservation status may optionally be included; you can search the IUCN's database of threatened species to find the conservation status of many organisms. It is included via the |status= parameter, which takes a code or template. It is not appropriate for prehistoric organisms – the |fossil_range= parameter may be a more sensible option.

|status = code
|status_system = classification system (see below)) – required
|status_ref = <ref>...</ref> – optional
|extinct = year of extinction – optional (only use if |status=EX and year of extinction is known)

Use the above syntax, choosing one of the status codes from the code list below. The code may be all upper or lower case, but the cases used in the table are preferred.

IUCN Red List, ver. 3.1 (2001)
IUCN Red List, ver. 2.3 (1994)
Canada's COSEWIC Species at Risk Act (SARA)
Australia's EPBC Act
New Zealand Threat Classification System

The following status codes are available (the third column shows the category that is automatically added to the article):

Status (as shown in taxobox) Code Category assigned
Secure secure[IUCN 1]
Domesticated DOM[IUCN 1] Category:Domesticated animals
Least Concern (LC) LC
Least Concern (LR/lc) LR/lc
Near Threatened (NT) NT
Near Threatened (LC/nt) LR/nt
Conservation Dependent (LR/cd) LR/cd
Vulnerable (VU) VU
Endangered (EN) EN Category:Endangered species
Critically Endangered CR Category:Critically endangered species
Critically Endangered (CR), possibly extinct PE Category:Critically endangered species
Extinct in the wild (EW) EW Category:Species extinct in the wild
Extinct EX
Data deficient (DD) DD
Not evaluated (NE) NE
Fossil fossil[IUCN 1][IUCN 2]
Prehistoric pre[IUCN 1]
See text See text[IUCN 1]
Lower Risk LR[IUCN 1][IUCN 3]
Notes
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 This is not a valid IUCN Red List category
  2. |status=fossil is deprecated in favour of |fossil_range= {{fossil range}} (see the #Fossil range section below).
  3. LR is deprecated; use LR/lc or LR/nt or LR/cd instead.
System[தொகு]
முதன்மை page: Wikipedia:Conservation status

The criteria used by the IUCN should also be specified: (case-sensitive)

 | status_system = iucn3.1
 or
 | status_system = iucn2.3 <!-- deprecated for new boxes, although some taxoboxes still exist and are supported for this version -->

This parameter is required in order to display the proper conservation status graphic. Failure to use this parameter will result in no graphic appearing.

Other systems are listed at Wikipedia:Conservation status.

Referencing conservation status[தொகு]

To add a reference for the status, use

|status_ref=<ref>{{IUCN2012.2}}</ref>

See {{IUCN2012.2}} or {{IUCN}} for the parameters you need to supply to that template. And don't forget that <ref> requires a corresponding <references /> in the References section.

Fossil range[தொகு]

The stratigraphic range for groups known as fossils may also be included, using the |fossil_range= parameter. For instance, for a group known from the Cambrian to the Permian:

 |fossil_range = [[Cambrian]]–[[Permian]]

You may wish to add a diagrammatic representation of the fossil range (as shown below), which can be created using the {{Fossil range}} template, for example:

Cambrian–Permian
Expression error: Unexpected < operator.

Expression error: Unexpected < operator.

  | fossil_range = {{fossil range|Cambrian|Permian}}

or

  | fossil_range = {{fossil range|542|250}} [[Cambrian]]–[[Permian]]

For extant taxa that continue into the present day, the ending period should be set to "Recent" or as "Holocene" for Late Quaternary extinctions such as the moa, and the current status should be indicated using the |status= parameter.

For groups that only existed during a single period, simply list it without giving a range: e.g.:

Silurian
Expression error: Unexpected < operator.

Expression error: Unexpected < operator.

 | fossil_range = {{fossil range|Silurian}} 

Images[தொகு]

An image can be included using the parameter |image=. It is highly recommended that an image be provided if one is available. Do not include the "File:" part of the image file name!

If an image is included, alt text should be provided using parameter "|image_alt=". Alt text should not repeat the caption; instead, it should describe the image contents to someone who can't see it (see WP:ALT).

A caption can be provided using parameter "|image_caption=". A caption need not be provided if it would just repeat the title of the article. It should be provided if it can convey any additional information about the image, such as the sex or life stage of the individual, the location where the picture was taken, the artist (if an engraving or other illustration), or (for higher taxa) the particular species depicted.

| image         = Sweetbay1082.jpg
| image_alt     = White flower surrounded by long green leaves
| image_caption = ''Magnolia virginiana''

By default, the image width is determined by each user's default thumbnail size preference. In general, it is recommended that these preferences be honoured. In some cases, however, it may be desirable to overrule the default size; this can be achieved by use of the |image_upright= parameter, which scales the image. Thus |image_upright=1.1 makes the image 10% larger than the user's default thumbnail size; |image_upright=0.75 makes it 25% smaller. See MOS:IMGSIZE for more information.

| image         = Sweetbay1082.jpg
| image_alt     = White flower surrounded by long green leaves
| image_caption = ''Magnolia virginiana''
| image_upright = 1.45

Long or complex image captions, which should rarely be necessary, look better when left-aligned. This can be achieved using "|image_caption_align=left".

A second image may be added by use of the |image2=, |image2_alt=, |image2_caption= and |image2_upright= parameters. Use this sparingly, and only when the article is long enough, and when it makes sense to include the second image inside the taxobox and not later in the article. Camel is a good example (a genus with two well-known representatives). A second image may also be useful for species that display sexual dimorphism so that both a male and female representative could be shown, e.g. Northern cardinal.

Authorities[தொகு]

Generally, an authority should be given only for the taxa covered by the article. Higher groups which only include the article subject should also list authorities unless those are the same as for the taxa in question. In the case of species (or subspecies) the authority may be given in the binomial (or trinomial) section. Otherwise authorities may be listed in the placement section. For instance, for an order:

| ordo = 
| ordo_authority = 

The following examples illustrate the different conventions for names, dates, and punctuations in the different kingdoms.

  • Animalia
    • Original name valid: Homo sapiens Linnaeus, 1758
    • Organism reclassified: Panthera leo (Linnaeus, 1758) (originally Felis leo)
  • Plantae
    • Original name valid: Magnolia virginiana L.
    • Organism reclassified: Anacamptis pyramidalis (L.) Rich. (originally Orchis pyramidalis)
  • Bacteria
    • Original name valid: Vibrio cholerae R. Koch 1883
    • Organism reclassified: Streptococcus pneumoniae (Klein 1884) Chester 1901 (originally Micrococcus pneumoniae)
    • Old name revived: Salmonella enterica (ex Kauffmann & Edwards 1952) Le Minor & Popoff 1987

Authorities in scientific names are also abbreviated according to different standards for plants and animals. To decipher standard abbreviations, see

For more information refer to the article on binomial nomenclature.

Diversity[தொகு]

In higher taxa, and taxa where the subdivision option does not indicate number of species, the |diversity= parameter may be used. This needs to be accompanied by |diversity_link= which links to an appropriate page, usually a List of ... species page. See, for example, Banksia: the subdivision lists only two subgenera, so the |diversity= option is used to specify the number of species.

| diversity_link = List of Quercus species
| diversity = c. 120 species

It is not a good idea to be too precise about the number of species. New species are still being regularly described in many groups. Moreover, changing systematic treatment is liable to alter the species number even in well-known genera. Rounding off the species number and denoting this as approximate value will help decreasing maintenance.

Use the |diversity_ref= parameter to give references for the number of species, for example:

| diversity_ref = <ref>Hershler and Longley, 1986, p. 127</ref>

Range maps[தொகு]

A range map may be included at the end of the taxobox. This uses the |range_map=, |range_map_upright=, |range_map_alt=, and |range_map_caption= parameters, in the same manner as an image. Specifying range map width is unnecessary in most cases. See Leopard (land animal), Northern flicker (non-migratory bird), Lesser spotted eagle (migratory bird) and Killer whale (water animal) for examples.

| range_map         = Map.jpg
| range_map_upright = 1.1
| range_map_alt     = Map showing ...
| range_map_caption = Range of ...

Up to four range maps can be included, via additional parameters such as |range_map2=, |range_map2_caption=, etc.

You can generate maps using an appropriate blank map such as Image:BlankMap-World-noborders.png. Do not make the distribution map too large (a width of 300 to 400 should be sufficient, the purpose of the map being a rough global overview; more detailed maps can always go to the article body) and add the map to Category:Habitat maps, or, preferably, if you upload the map to Commons, to commons:Category:Animal distribution maps.

Synonyms[தொகு]

Where a species has synonyms, the |synonyms= parameter may be used. The list of synonyms can be formatted using the same approach as for Subdivisions, but synonyms should not normally be linked, so e.g. {{Taxon list}} should be used for taxa whose names aren't italicized and {{Species list}} for those whose names are.

| synonyms =
  {{Species list
  |Species1|Authority1
  |Species2|Authority2
  }}
Please note: style element <small> is not recommended in Wikipedia:WikiProject Check Wikipedia#HTML text style element .3Csmall.3E, see discussion Wikipedia talk:WikiProject Check Wikipedia#Small style element.

Nomenclator Zoologicus has data for all but the most recently established animal genera. This may be hard to understand for non-specialists, but it is a comprehensive source for the authorship of genus names, both valid ones and junior synonyms. Sometimes one will note that a new name has been established because the older, original name was "preoccupied". This means it has already been established for another taxon of the same rank in the same kingdom before – even if that name is now a synonym too. Taxa that preoccupy a name can be linked in the Synonyms section, such as Stenorhynchus here.

Use |synonyms_ref= to give references for the synonym list, for example:

| synonyms_ref = <ref>Smith and Jones, 2009, p. 5 </ref>

Type species[தொகு]

When the type species of a genus (or larger grouping) is known, the |type_species= and |type_species_authority= can be used.

For botanical entries, i.e. names under the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN), the currently accepted name in the genus should be used. The term "type species" does not occur in the ICN, but is used here for convenience. The Index Nominum Genericorum is a useful source of information and can be used as a reference.

For animal entries, i.e. names under the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN), the type species should be the original binomial name of the type species, but linked to its current article, and the authority should be plain (no parentheses). See Mirza for a type species example.

| type_species           = the original name of the species that was initially used to describe the genus, without regard to its present-day nomenclature
| type_species_authority =

This follows ICZN Recommendation 67B; be aware that this means the taxon used by the genus' original author – even if it is now invalid, e.g. a junior synonym. Ideally, it should only be used if the genus' original description can be verified first-hand. As per the following example given by the ICZN:

Astacus marinus Fabricius, 1775, one of the nominal species originally included in the decapod crustacean genus Homarus Weber, 1795, was subsequently designated by Fowler (1912) as the type species of Homarus. The type species is, and should be cited as, Astacus marinus Fabricius, 1775. Astacus marinus Fabricius is currently synonymized with Cancer gammarus Linnaeus, 1758, but the latter is not the type species of Homarus and should not be cited as such. If mention of the type species is required it should be made in some such manner as "Type species Astacus marinus Fabricius, 1775, a junior synonym of Cancer gammarus Linnaeus, 1758"; or "Type species Astacus marinus Fabricius, 1775, now regarded as a synonym of Homarus gammarus (Linnaeus, 1758)".

If you do not completely understand what this all means, please do not use this parameter. Instead, if possible denote the type species in the species listing, for example with a

<small>([[type species]])</small>

after the species' (currently valid) name.

Italic page titles[தொகு]

If the value of |genus=, |species=, or |binomial= exactly matches the title of the page, and |name= is unspecified, the taxobox and page title will be italicized automatically.[note 2] If necessary, it is also possible to force the page title to display in italics using the {{Italic title}} template.

If the |name= parameter is present, then the taxobox will display whatever is in |name=; the page title will NOT be italicized unless {{italic title}} is used.

Complete blank template[தொகு]

This section gives all parameters in the order that they will appear in the taxobox. No taxobox should use all of these. Keep it short! Note that parameters in this template are case-sensitive.

name
புதைப்படிவ காலம்:100–0 Ma
fossil range
image alt
image caption
image2 alt
image2 caption
Virus classification (status of classification)
குழு: virus group
தரப்படுத்தப்படாத: unranked superdomain
unranked superdomain authority
பேருலகம்: superdomain
உலகம்: domain
domain authority
மேல்திணை: superregnum
superregnum authority
தரப்படுத்தப்படாத: unranked regnum
unranked regnum authority
திணை: regnum
regnum authority
துணைத்திணை: subregnum
subregnum authority
பெரும்பிரிவு: superdivisio
superdivisio authority
பெருந்தொகுதி: superphylum
superphylum authority
தரப்படுத்தப்படாத: unranked divisio
unranked divisio authority
பிரிவு: divisio
divisio authority
தரப்படுத்தப்படாத: unranked phylum
unranked phylum authority
தொகுதி: phylum
phylum authority
துணைப்பிரிவு: subdivisio
subdivisio authority
துணைத்தொகுதி: subphylum
subphylum authority
உட்தொகுதி: infraphylum
infraphylum authority
நுண்தொகுதி: microphylum
microphylum authority
மீநுண்தொகுதி: nanophylum
nanophylum authority
பெருவகுப்பு: superclassis
superclassis authority
தரப்படுத்தப்படாத: unranked classis
unranked classis authority
வகுப்பு: classis
classis authority
தரப்படுத்தப்படாத: unranked subclassis
unranked subclassis authority
துணைவகுப்பு: subclassis
subclassis authority
தரப்படுத்தப்படாத: unranked infraclassis
unranked infraclassis authority
உள்வகுப்பு: infraclassis
infraclassis authority
வரிசை: magnordo
magnordo authority
பெருவரிசை: superordo
superordo authority
தரப்படுத்தப்படாத: unranked ordo
unranked ordo authority
வரிசை: ordo
ordo authority
துணைவரிசை: subordo
subordo authority
உள்வரிசை: infraordo
infraordo authority
வரிசை: parvordo
parvordo authority
பிரிவு: zoodivisio
zoodivisio authority
பிரிவு: zoosectio
zoosectio authority
துணைப்பிரிவு: zoosubsectio
zoosubsectio authority
தரப்படுத்தப்படாத: unranked superfamilia
unranked superfamilia authority
பெருங்குடும்பம்: superfamilia
superfamilia authority
குடும்பம்: familia
familia authority
துணைக்குடும்பம்: subfamilia
subfamilia authority
மேல் சிற்றினம்: supertribus
supertribus authority
தரப்படுத்தப்படாத: unranked tribus
unranked tribus authority
சிற்றினம்: tribus
tribus authority
துணை சிற்றினம்: subtribus
subtribus authority
உறவு: alliance
alliance authority
தரப்படுத்தப்படாத: unranked genus
genus authority
பேரினம்: genus
genus authority
துணைப்பேரினம்: subgenus
subgenus authority
பிரிவு: sectio
sectio authority
துணைப்பிரிவு: subsectio
subsectio authority
தொடர்: series
series authority
துணை தொடர்: subseries
subseries authority
இனக்கூட்டம்: species group
species group authority
இனத் துணைக்கூட்டம்: species subgroup
species subgroup authority
இனப் பல்தொகுதி: species complex
species complex authority
இனம்: species
species authority
துனையினம்: subspecies
subspecies authority
வேறுபாடுகள்: variety
variety authority
வடிவம்: forma
forma authority
இருசொற் பெயரீடு
binomial
binomial authority
மூவுறுப்புப் பெயர்
trinomial
trinomial authority
மாதிரிச் சாதி
type genus
type genus authority
மாதிரி இனம்
type species
type species authority
Type strain
type strain
subdivision ranks

subdivision

உயிரியற் பல்வகைமை[2]
diversity
range map alt
range map caption
binomial2
binomial2 authority
range map2 alt
range map2 caption
binomial3
binomial3 authority
range map3 alt
range map3 caption
binomial4
binomial4 authority
range map4 alt
range map4 caption
வேறு பெயர்கள் [3]

synonyms

{{Taxobox
| color                           = 
| name                            = 
| status                          = 
| status_system                   = 
| status_ref                      = 
| fossil_range                    = 
| image                           = 
| image_upright                   = 
| image_alt                       = 
| image_caption                   = 
| image_caption_align             =
| image2                          = 
| image2_upright                  = 
| image2_alt                      = 
| image2_caption                  = 
| classification_status           = 
| virus_group                     = 
| unranked_superdomain            = 
| unranked_superdomain_authority  = 
| superdomain                     = 
| superdomain_authority           = 
| domain                          = 
| domain_authority                = 
| superregnum                     = 
| superregnum_authority           = 
| unranked_regnum                 = 
| unranked_regnum_authority       = 
| regnum                          = 
| regnum_authority                = 
| subregnum                       = 
| subregnum_authority             = 
| superdivisio                    = 
| superdivisio_authority          = 
| superphylum                     = 
| superphylum_authority           = 
| unranked_divisio                = 
| unranked_divisio_authority      =
| divisio                         = 
| divisio_authority               = 
| unranked_phylum                 = 
| unranked_phylum_authority       = 
| phylum                          = 
| phylum_authority                =
| subdivisio                      = 
| subdivisio_authority            = 
| subphylum                       = 
| subphylum_authority             = 
| infraphylum                     = 
| infraphylum_authority           = 
| microphylum                     = 
| microphylum_authority           = 
| nanophylum                      = 
| nanophylum_authority            = 
| superclassis                    = 
| superclassis_authority          = 
| unranked_classis                = 
| unranked_classis_authority      = 
| classis                         = 
| classis_authority               = 
| unranked_subclassis             = 
| unranked_subclassis_authority   = 
| subclassis                      = 
| subclassis_authority            = 
| unranked_infraclassis           = 
| unranked_infraclassis_authority = 
| infraclassis                    = 
| infraclassis_authority          = 
| magnordo                        = 
| magnordo_authority              = 
| superordo                       = 
| superordo_authority             = 
| unranked_ordo                   = 
| unranked_ordo_authority         = 
| ordo                            = 
| ordo_authority                  = 
| subordo                         = 
| subordo_authority               = 
| infraordo                       = 
| infraordo_authority             = 
| parvordo                        = 
| parvordo_authority              = 
| zoodivisio                      = 
| zoodivisio_authority            = 
| zoosectio                       = 
| zoosectio_authority             = 
| zoosubsectio                    = 
| zoosubsectio_authority          = 
| unranked_superfamilia           = 
| unranked_superfamilia_authority = 
| superfamilia                    = 
| superfamilia_authority          = 
| familia                         = 
| familia_authority               = 
| subfamilia                      = 
| subfamilia_authority            = 
| supertribus                     = 
| supertribus_authority           = 
| unranked_tribus                 = 
| unranked_tribus_authority       = 
| tribus                          = 
| tribus_authority                = 
| subtribus                       = 
| subtribus_authority             = 
| alliance                        = 
| alliance_authority              = 
| unranked_genus                  = 
| unranked_genus_authority        = 
| genus                           = 
| genus_authority                 = 
| subgenus                        = 
| subgenus_authority              = 
| sectio                          = 
| sectio_authority                = 
| subsectio                       = 
| subsectio_authority             = 
| series                          = 
| series_authority                = 
| subseries                       = 
| subseries_authority             = 
| species_group                   = 
| species_group_authority         = 
| species_subgroup                = 
| species_subgroup_authority      = 
| species_complex                 = 
| species_complex_authority       = 
| species                         = 
| species_authority               = 
| subspecies                      = 
| subspecies_authority            = 
| variety                         = 
| variety_authority               = 
| forma                           = 
| forma_authority                 = 
| diversity_ref                   = 
| diversity                       = 
| diversity_link                  = 
| binomial                        = 
| binomial_authority              = 
| trinomial                       = 
| trinomial_authority             = 
| type_genus                      = 
| type_genus_authority            = 
| type_species                    = 
| type_species_authority          = 
| subdivision                     = 
| subdivision_ranks               = 
| type_strain                     = 
| range_map                       = 
| range_map_upright               = 
| range_map_alt                   = 
| range_map_caption               = 
| binomial2                       = 
| binomial2_authority             = 
| range_map2                      = 
| range_map2_upright              = 
| range_map2_alt                  = 
| range_map2_caption              = 
| binomial3                       = 
| binomial3_authority             = 
| range_map3                      = 
| range_map3_upright              = 
| range_map3_alt                  = 
| range_map3_caption              = 
| binomial4                       = 
| binomial4_authority             = 
| range_map4                      = 
| range_map4_upright              = 
| range_map4_alt                  = 
| range_map4_caption              = 
| synonyms_ref                    = 
| synonyms                        = 
}}

All parameters[தொகு]

The full list of parameters is illustrated inside the infobox above, in the "Complete blank template".

color - typical color code
name - name defaults to {{PAGENAME}}
status - conservation status code
status_system - status-system type
status_ref - status reference
regnum - (standard) kingdom name
phylum - (standard) phylum name
classis - (standard) class name
ordo - (standard) order name
familia - (standard) family name
genus - (standard) genus name
species - (standard) species name
fossil_range - (as shown at top of box)
image - (as shown in box)
image_upright - (as shown in box)
image_alt - (as shown in box)
image_caption - (as shown in box)
image2 - (as shown in box)
image2_upright - (as shown in box)
image2_alt - (as shown in box)
image2_caption - (as shown in box)
classification_status - (as shown in box)
virus_group - (as shown in box)
superdomain - (as shown in box)
superdomain_authority - (as shown in box)
unranked_superdomain - (as shown in box)
unranked_superdomain_ authority - (as shown in box)
domain - (as shown in box)
domain_authority - (as shown in box)
unranked_regnum - (as shown in box)
unranked_regnum_authority - (as shown in box)
superregnum - (as shown in box)
superregnum_authority - (as shown in box)
regnum_authority - (as shown in box)
subregnum - (as shown in box)
subregnum_authority - (as shown in box)
unranked_phylum - (as shown in box)
unranked_phylum_authority - (as shown in box)
superdivisio - (as shown in box)
superdivisio_authority - (as shown in box)
superphylum - (as shown in box)
superphylum_authority - (as shown in box)
divisio - (as shown in box)
divisio authority - (as shown in box)
unranked_divisio - (as shown in box)
unranked_divisio_authority - (as shown in box)
phylum_authority - (as shown in box)
subdivisio - (as shown in box)
subdivisio_authority - (as shown in box)
subphylum - (as shown in box)
subphylum_authority - (as shown in box)
infraphylum - (as shown in box)
infraphylum_authority - (as shown in box)
microphylum - (as shown in box)
microphylum_authority - (as shown in box)
nanophylum - (as shown in box)
nanophylum_authority - (as shown in box)
unranked_classis - (as shown in box)
unranked_classis_authority - (as shown in box)
superclassis - (as shown in box)
superclassis_authority - (as shown in box)
classis_authority - (as shown in box)
unranked_subclassis - (as shown in box)
unranked_subclassis_authority - (as shown in box)
subclassis - (as shown in box)
subclassis_authority - (as shown in box)
unranked_infraclassis - (as shown in box)
unranked_infraclassis_authority - (as shown in box)
infraclassis - (as shown in box)
infraclassis_authority - (as shown in box)
unranked_ordo - (as shown in box)
unranked_ordo_authority - (as shown in box)
magnordo - (as shown in box)
magnordo_authority - (as shown in box)
superordo - (as shown in box)
superordo_authority - (as shown in box)
ordo_authority - (as shown in box)
subordo - (as shown in box)
subordo_authority - (as shown in box)
infraordo - (as shown in box)
infraordo_authority - (as shown in box)
parvordo - (as shown in box)
parvordo_authority - (as shown in box)
zoodivisio - (as shown in box)
zoodivisio_authority - (as shown in box)
zoosectio - (as shown in box)
zoosectio_authority - (as shown in box)
zoosubsectio - (as shown in box)
zoosubsectio_authority - (as shown in box)
unranked_superfamilia - (as shown in box)
unranked_superfamilia_authority - (as shown in box)
superfamilia - (as shown in box)
superfamilia_authority - (as shown in box)
familia_authority - (as shown in box)
subfamilia - (as shown in box)
subfamilia_authority - (as shown in box)
unranked_tribus - (as shown in box)
unranked_tribus_authority - (as shown in box)
supertribus - (as shown in box)
supertribus_authority - (as shown in box)
tribus - (as shown in box)
tribus_authority - (as shown in box)
subtribus - (as shown in box)
subtribus_authority - (as shown in box)
alliance - (as shown in box)
alliance_authority - (as shown in box)
unranked_genus - (as shown in box)
unranked_genus_authority - (as shown in box)
genus_authority - (as shown in box)
subgenus - (as shown in box)
subgenus_authority - (as shown in box)
sectio - (as shown in box)
sectio_authority - (as shown in box)
subsectio - (as shown in box)
subsectio_authority - (as shown in box)
series - (as shown in box)
series_authority - (as shown in box)
subseries - (as shown in box)
subseries_authority - (as shown in box)
species_group - (as shown in box)
species_group_authority - (as shown in box)
species_subgroup - (as shown in box)
species_subgroup_authority - (as shown in box)
species_complex - (as shown in box)
species_complex_authority - (as shown in box)
species_authority - (as shown in box)
subspecies - (as shown in box)
subspecies_authority - (as shown in box)
variety - (as shown in box)
variety_authority - (as shown in box)
forma - (as shown in box)
forma_authority - (as shown in box)
diversity_ref - (as shown in box)
diversity - (as shown in box)
diversity_link - (as shown in box)
binomial - (as shown in box)
binomial_authority - (as shown in box)
trinomial - (as shown in box)
trinomial_authority - (as shown in box)
type_genus - (as shown in box)
type_genus_authority - (as shown in box)
type_species - (as shown in box)
type_species_authority - (as shown in box)
subdivision - (as shown in box)
subdivision_ranks - (as shown in box)
type_strain - (as shown in box)
range_map - 1st map, bottom of box
range_map_upright - 1st map scaling = 0.9 i.e. 90% of default size
range_map_alt - 1st map ALT= text
range_map_caption - 1st caption, under picture
binomial2 - (as shown in box)
binomial2_authority - (as shown in box)
range_map2 - 2nd map in box
range_map2_upright - 2nd map scaling = 0.9
range_map2_alt - 2nd map ALT= text
range_map2_caption - 2nd map caption
binomial3 - (as shown in box)
binomial3_authority - (as shown in box)
range_map3 - 3rd map in box
range_map3_upright - 3rd map scaling = 0.9
range_map3_alt - 3rd map ALT= text
range_map3_caption - 3rd maq caption
binomial4 - (as shown in box)
binomial4_authority - (as shown in box)
range_map4 - 4th map in box
range_map4_upright - 4th map scaling = 0.9
range_map4_alt - 4th map ALT= text
range_map4_caption - 4th map caption
synonyms_ref - reference for synonyms
synonyms - (as at bottom of box)

Articles lacking taxoboxes[தொகு]

For articles lacking taxoboxes, add Template:Missing-taxobox to the talk page. This may be done by typing {{Missing-taxobox}} or {{needtaxobox}} at the top of the talk page.

Microformat[தொகு]

This template emits a "species" (or "biota") microformat.

The microformat is created by the use of class="biota", and classes for individual taxonomic ranks, such as class="domain" in a span around {{{domain}}} (full list). Please do not change or remove those classes other than as part of development of the microformat. For background information, see microformats on Wikipedia and the microformat specification.

Template Data[தொகு]

This is the TemplateData documentation for this template used by VisualEditor and other tools.

See the monthly error report for this template.

TemplateData for Taxobox

An infobox for plants, animals and other biological taxa

Template parameters

This template prefers block formatting of parameters.

Parameter Description Type Status
Name name

For plants, see [[Wikipedia:Naming conventions (flora)]]. For all other living things, the name should be the most common vernacular name, when one is in widespread use, and a scientific name otherwise.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Image image

An image to use, do not include the 'File:' part of the image file name.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
File required
Image Width image_widthimage width

(Deprecated) Width to display the image at. Should not normally be set. e.g. 320px

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String deprecated
Image Upright scale image_uprightimage upright

Scale to display the image at. e.g. 1.1

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Image alt text image_altimage alt

Alt text which describes the image to someone who can't see it

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Image caption image_captionimage caption

Caption displayed under the image

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String suggested
Image caption alignment image_caption_alignimage caption alignment

Alignment of the caption displayed under the image, e.g. left. Should not normally be set.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String deprecated
Kingdom regnum

Kingdom: [[Animal]]ia, [[Plant]]ae, [[Fungi]], other taxa may want to use domain or other ranks instead

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Division divisio

Division in botany, e.g. [[Bryophyta]]. Not for flowering plants using the APG III system

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Phylum phylum

Phylum in zoology, eg [[Chordata]] for vertebrates

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Class classis

Class/classis taxonomic rank

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Order ordo

Order/ordo taxonomic rank

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Family familia

Family/familia taxonomic rank

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Genus genus

Genus taxonomic rank, in italics, e.g. ''[[Homo]]''

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Genus authority genus_authority

no description

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Species species

Species taxonomic rank. Should be given in abbreviated forms and in italics, e.g. ''H. sapiens''.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Binomial binomial

Full binomial name of taxa, In full form with italics, e.g. ''Salix alba'' var. ''caerulea''

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Binomial authority binomial_authoritybinomial authority

Binomial authority using appropriate conventions, eg [[Carl Linnaeus|L.]] (for plants), [[Carl Linnaeus|Linnaeus]], 1761 (for animals)

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Range map range_maprange map

Map of range

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Range map width range_map_widthrange map width

Width to display range map. Should not normally be set. e.g. 320px

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String deprecated
Range map alt text range_map_altrange map alt

Alt text describing the range in words

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Range map caption range_map_captionrange map caption

Caption/key for the range map

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Conservation status status

The conservation status code: 'secure', domesticated 'DOM', Least Concern 'LC', Lower Risk—Least Concern 'LR/lc', Near Threatened 'NT', Lower Risk—Near Threatened 'LR/nt', Lower Risk—Conservation Dependent 'LR/cd', Vulnerable 'VU', Endangered 'EN', Critically Endangered 'CR', Possibly Extinct 'PE', Extinct in the wild 'EW', Extinct 'EX', Data deficient 'DD', Not evaluated 'NE',Fossil 'fossil', Prehistoric 'pre', 'See text', Lower Risk 'LR'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Conservation status system status_systemstatus system

System used for Conservation status: 'iucn3.1', 'iucn2.3', 'EPBC' etc. Required if status given.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Status reference status_refstatus ref

Reference for status {{IUCN2012.2|...}}

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Year of extinction extinct

Year of extinction, if known

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Fossil range fossil_rangefossil range

The stratigraphic range for groups known as fossils. E.g. [[Cambrian]]–[[Permian]] or {{fossil range|Cambrian|Permian}} to give a chart. Use 'Recent' for extant taxa and 'Holocene' for for Late Quaternary extinctions.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Virus group virus_groupvirus group

Viruses not placed in taxa above the rank of order, instead a virus group is used, given by a Roman numeral from I to VII

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Unranked superdomain unranked_superdomainunranked superdomain

For each major taxon you can add an unranked entry to the taxobox. The entry unranked X appears above rank X

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Superdomain superdomain

This and other minor ranks should only be used when they are important to understanding the classification of the taxon described in the article

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Superdomain Authority superdomain_authoritysuperdomain authority

The authority used for this rank. Every rank has a rank authority field which are not currently listed

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Domain domain

Domain for Archaea, Bacteria and Eukarya

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Superkingdom superregnum

no description

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Unranked kingdom unranked_regnumunranked regnum

no description

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Subkingdom subregnum

no description

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Superdivision superdivisio

no description

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Superphylum superphylum

no description

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Unranked division unranked_divisiounranked divisio

For flowering plants using the APG IV system this should be set to [[Angiosperms]] rather than using division/divisio

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Unranked phylum unranked_phylumunranked phylum

no description

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String deprecated
Subphylum subphylum

no description

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Infraphylum infraphylum

no description

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Microphylum microphylum

no description

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Nanophylum nanophylum

no description

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Superclass superclassis

no description

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Unranked class unranked_classisunranked classis

For flowering plants using the APG IV system this should be used rather than class/classis

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Unranked subclass unranked_subclassisunranked subclassis

no description

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Subclass subclassis

no description

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Unranked infraclass unranked_infraclassisunranked infraclassis

no description

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Infraclass infraclassis

no description

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Magnorder magnordo

no description

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Superorder superordo

no description

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Unranked order unranked_ordounranked ordo

Generally used for flowering plants using the APG IV system

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
subordo subordo

no description

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
infraordo infraordo

no description

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
parvordo parvordo

no description

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
zoodivision zoodivisio

Used in zoology, a different rank to the division used in botany.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
zoosection zoosectio

Used in zoology, a different rank to the section used in botany.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
zoosubsection zoosubsectio

Used in zoology, a different rank to the subsection used in botany.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Unranked Superfamily unranked_superfamiliaunranked superfamilia

no description

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Superfamily superfamilia

no description

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Subfamily subfamilia

no description

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
supertribus supertribus

no description

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
unranked tribe unranked_tribusunranked tribus

no description

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Tribe tribus

no description

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Subtribe subtribus

no description

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
alliance alliance

no description

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Unranked genus unranked_genusunranked genus

no description

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Subgenus subgenus

no description

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Section sectio

Used in botany, use zoosectio in zoology

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Subsection subsectio

Used in botany, use zoosubsectio in zoology

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Series series

no description

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Subseries subseries

no description

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Species group species_groupspecies group

no description

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
species subgroup species_subgroupspecies subgroup

no description

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
species complex species_complexspecies complex

no description

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
subspecies subspecies

no description

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
variety variety

no description

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
form forma

Used in botany, not in zoology

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
trinomial trinomial

The full trinomial name for subspecies, it should generally be in italics.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
trinomial authority trinomial_authoritytrinomial authority

The authority for a trinomial.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Synonyms synonyms

A list of synonyms for a species, e.g. ''species1'' Authority1
''species2'' Authority2

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Synonyms ref synonyms_refsynonyms ref

References for the synonym lists, e.g.Smith and Jones, 2009, p. 5

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Type species type_speciestype species

The original name of the species that was initially used to describe the genus, without regard to its present-day nomenclature.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Type species authority type_species_authoritytype species authority

Authority for the type species, don't use parenthesis.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Classification status classification_statusclassification status

Status of the scientific classification, e.g. disputed. Only use when the scientific classification text would be misleading without it.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Subdivision ranks subdivision_rankssubdivision ranks

Rank used for sub-divisions of this taxa, e.g. 'Families'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Subdivision subdivision

List of sub divisions of this taxa, e.g. [[Family1]]
[[Family2]]
[[Family3]]

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Image 2 image2

A second image, only use in rare circumstances.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Image 2 Width image2_widthimage2 width

Deprecated. Width of the second image

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Number deprecated
Image 2 Upright scale image2_uprightimage2 upright

Scale of the second image

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Number optional
Image 2 alt text image2_altimage2 alt

Alt text which describes the second image to someone who can't see it

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Image 2 caption image2_captionimage2 caption

Caption to display under the second image

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Binomial2 binomial2

Second binomial name of taxa, only used in rare circumstances

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Binomial authority 2 binomial2_authoritybinomial2 authority

Authority of second binomial

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Binomial3 binomial3

Third binomial name of taxa, only used in rare circumstances

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Binomial authority 3 binomial3_authoritybinomial3 authority

Authority of third binomial

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Binomial4 binomial4

Fourth binomial name of taxa, only used in rare circumstances

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Binomial authority 4 binomial4_authoritybinomial4 authority

Authority of fourth binomial

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Range map 2 range_map2range map2

Second map of range

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Range map 2 width range_map2_widthrange map2 width

Width of second range map

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String deprecated
Range map 2 alt text range_map2_altrange map2 alt

Alt text describing the second range map

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Range map 2 caption range_map2_captionrange map2 caption

Caption/key for the second range map

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Range map 3 range_map3range map3

Third map of range

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Range map 3 width range_map3_widthrange map3 width

Width of third range map

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String deprecated
Range map 3 alt text range_map3_altrange map3 alt

Alt text describing the third range map

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Range map 3 caption range_map3_captionrange map3 caption

Caption/key for the third range map

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Range map 4 range_map4range map4

Forth map of range

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Range map 4 width range_map4_widthrange map4 width

Width of forth range map

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String deprecated
Range map 4 alt text range_map4_altrange map4 alt

Alt text describing the forth range map

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Range map 4 caption range_map4_captionrange map4 caption

Caption/key for the fourth range map

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
color color

Generally not used as it is automatically assigned based on the entry for regnum, virus group, unranked phylum, phylum.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String deprecated

Supporting templates[தொகு]

Tracking/maintenance categories[தொகு]

Hidden category added by Taxobox:

Hidden categories added by Taxobox/core:

Hidden categories added by Taxobox/species:

Hidden categories added by Taxobox/Error colour:

See also[தொகு]

  1. iucn reference goes here
  2. diversity ref
  3. synonyms ref

Notes[தொகு]

  1. If the page is called, for example, "Homo (genus)", then the taxobox will display "Homo" and the page title "Homo (genus)".
  2. See note 1; the title of the page will be italicized using the {{DISPLAYTITLE}} magic word. When the page name contains the disambiguator "(alga)" or "(genus)", this disambiguator will not be italicized (e.g., Ia (genus)).
"https://ta.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=வார்ப்புரு:Taxobox&oldid=2144054" இருந்து மீள்விக்கப்பட்டது