|இப்பக்கம் சுருக்கமாக: சரி பார்க்கக்கூடிய நம்பத்தக்க சான்றுகள் மூலமாக கீழ்க்காணும் ஒன்று அல்லது அதற்கு மேலான வரைமுறைகளின்படி அமைந்த நூலை குறிப்பிடத்தக்கதாகவும் பொதுவாக கட்டுரை எழுதத்தக்கதாகவும் கருதலாம்:
Though the concept of a "நூல் (எழுத்துப் படைப்பு)" is widely defined, this guideline does not provide specific notability criteria for the following types of publications: comic books; graphic novels (although it does apply to மங்கா); magazines; reference works such as dictionaries, thesauruses, encyclopedias, atlases and almanacs; music-specific publications such as instruction and notation books and librettos; instruction manuals; and exam prep books. Specific guidelines may be developed. Until then, this guideline may be instructive by analogy.
The criteria set forth below apply to books in electronic form (or மின்னூல்). An e-book that does not meet the criteria of this guideline is nevertheless notable if it meets the criteria of the notability guideline for web-specific content. An e-book that meets the criteria of this guideline does not need to meet the criteria of that guideline in order to be notable. A book included in குட்டன்பேர்க் திட்டம் or an analogous project does not need to meet the threshold standards.
- The book has been the subject of two or more non-trivial published works appearing in sources that are independent of the book itself. This includes published works in all forms, such as newspaper articles, other books, television documentaries, bestseller lists, and reviews. This excludes media re-prints of press releases, flap copy, or other publications where the author, its publisher, agent, or other self-interested parties advertise or speak about the book.
- The book has won a major literary award.
- The book has been considered by reliable sources to have made a significant contribution to a notable or significant motion picture, or other art form, or event or political or religious movement.
- The book is, or has been, the subject of instruction at two or more schools, colleges, universities or post-graduate programs in any particular country.
- The book's author is so historically significant that any of the author's written works may be considered notable. This does not simply mean that the book's author is notable by Wikipedia's standards; rather, the book's author is of exceptional significance and the author's life and body of written work would be a common subject of academic study.
A book should have, at a minimum, an ISBN (for books published after 1975 in a country where ISBNs are normally used), and should be catalogued by its country of origin's official or de facto தேசிய நூலகம் (if that country has such a national library). For example, in the United States books are catalogued by the அமெரிக்கக் காங்கிரசு நூலகம்; in the United Kingdom at the British Library; in Australia at the ஆஸ்திரேலிய தேசிய நூலகம்; in Canada by Library and Archives Canada; in France at the Bibliothèque nationale de France; in Singapore at the தேசிய நூலக வாரியம், சிங்கப்பூர்; in Brazil by the Fundação Biblioteca Nacional; in Argentina at Biblioteca Nacional de la República Argentina; and in India at the இந்திய தேசிய நூலகம். For a complete list, see List of national libraries.
However, these criteria are exclusionary rather than inclusionary; meeting these threshold standards does not imply that a book is notable, whereas a book which does not meet them, most likely is not. There will be exceptions—books that are notable despite not meeting these threshold standards—but good reasons for the notability of such books should be clear.
Articles that are plot summaries[தொகு]
Wikipedia should not have a standalone article about a book if it is not possible, without including original research or unverifiable content, to write an article on that book that complies with the policy that Wikipedia articles should not be summary-only descriptions of works, contained in criteria 1 of WP:INDISCRIMINATE.
Self-publication and/or publication by a vanity press do not correlate with notability. Exceptions do exist, such as Robert Gunther's Early Science in Oxford and எட்கர் ஆலன் போ's Tamerlane, but both of these books would be considered notable by virtue (for instance) of criterion 1.
Many vanity press books are assigned ISBN numbers, may be listed in a national library, may be found through a கூகுள் புத்தகங்கள் search, and may be sold at large online book retailers none of which is evidence of notability.
Books by Wikipedians[தொகு]
A book's listing at online bookstores Barnes & Noble.com and அமேசான்.காம், is not an indication of notability because the websites include large numbers of vanity press publications. A listing at any other online bookstore that includes large numbers of vanity press publications should be treated in the same way.
Articles about books that are not yet published are accepted only if they are not excluded by the Wikipedia is not a crystal ball policy, and only under criteria other than those provided by this guideline, typically because the anticipation of the book is notable in its own right. In such cases there should be independent sources which provide strong evidence that the book will be published, and which include the title of the book and an approximate date of publication.
The vast majority of books whose Wikipedia articles are nominated for deletion, and whose notability could reasonably be called into question, are contemporary. Nevertheless, the notability of books written or published earlier may occasionally be disputed and the criteria specified above, intended primarily for contemporary books, may be unsuitable because they would be too restrictive and would exclude articles on books that are worthy of notice.
Common sense should prevail. In such cases, possible bases for a finding of notability include, in particular, how widely the book has been cited or written about, the number of editions of the book, whether it has been reprinted, the fame that the book enjoys or enjoyed in the past, its place in the இலக்கிய வரலாறு, its value as a historical source and its age.
Academic and technical books[தொகு]
Academic and technical books serve a very different function and come to be published through very different processes than do books intended for the general public. They are often highly specialized, have small printing runs, and may only be available in specialized libraries and bookstores. For these reasons, most of the standards for mainstream books are inapplicable to the academic field because they would be too restrictive and would exclude articles on books that are worthy of notice. Again, common sense should prevail. In such cases, possible bases for a finding of notability include, in particular, whether the book is published by an academic press, how widely the book is cited by other academic publications or in the media, the number of editions of the book, whether one or more translations of the book have been published, how influential the book is considered to be in its specialty area, or adjunct disciplines, and whether it is, or has been, taught, or required reading, in one or more reputable educational institutions.
Articles on books should not be split and split again into ever more minutiae of detail treatment, with each split normally lowering the level of notability. While a book may be notable, it is not normally advisable to have a separate article on a character or thing from the book, and it is often the case that despite the book being manifestly notable, a derivative article from it is not. Exceptions do exist, especially in the case of very famous books. For example, சார்லஸ் டிக்கின்ஸ்' A Christmas Carol clearly warrants a 'subarticle' on its protagonist, Ebenezer Scrooge. When a book has been split too finely to support the notability of individual subtopics, merging content back into the book's article is appropriate.
In some situations— for example, if a given book itself does not appear to be notable, but the author is notable— it may be more appropriate to feature material about the book in the author's article rather than creating a separate article for that book. It may sometimes be appropriate to merge an article on a book into an article that is a bibliography or list of books. This might, for example, facilitate the inclusion of material on anonymous works that, because those works are anonymous, cannot be merged into their authors' articles. If, in such a case, the book cannot be merged only because the notable author's article, or the bibliography or list of books, does not currently exist, consider writing the author's article, or the bibliography or list, yourself or request that it be written.
- Clicking on any linked ISBN number on Wikipedia takes you to Special:Booksources where preformatted links for the specific book are provided, allowing access to multiple library catalogues, bookseller databases and other book resources.
- This might be an issue as different formats of a book (i.e. ebook, audiobook, printed book) will have different ISBNs, and they will often not be sequential, especially for older books that were originally published before ebooks or audiobooks existed.
- The British Library's online catalogue
- The Library of Congress Online Catalog: a searchable database useful in identifying publisher, edition, etc.
- The Literary Encyclopedia: 3,300 profiles of authors, works and literary and historical topics and references of 18,000 works.
- Norton anthology of world literature: useful in the exploration of world literature.
- Questia Online Library, allows full-text search, and paid subscription reading access to 64,000+ books and 1,000,000+ journal, magazine, and newspaper articles in their collection. Their strength is full text of recent academic books by major publishers such as ஒக்ஸ்போர்ட் பல்கலைக்கழகப் பதிப்பகம், University of North Carolina Press, and Greenwood Press, along with thousands of older academic books that are available only in larger university libraries.
- Worldcat: search for a book in library catalogues. Contains 1.8 billion items in 18,000 libraries worldwide.
- விக்கிப்பீடியா:குறிப்பிடத்தக்கமை (நூல்கள்)
- விக்கிப்பீடியா:மேற்கோள் சுட்டுதல்
- விக்கிப்பீடியா:புத்தாக்க ஆய்வு கூடாது
- "Non-trivial" excludes personal websites, blogs, bulletin boards, Usenet posts, wikis and other media that are not themselves reliable. An analysis of the manner of treatment is crucial as well; Slashdot.org for example is reliable, but postings to that site by members of the public on a subject do not share the site's imprimatur. Be careful to check that the author, publisher, agent, vendor. etc. of a particular book are in no way interested in any third party source.
- The "subject" of a work means non-trivial treatment and excludes mere mention of the book, its author or of its publication, price listings and other nonsubstantive detail treatment.
- Independent does not mean independent of the publishing industry, but only refers to those actually involved with the particular book.
- A book's inclusion in a reliable bestseller list is non-trivial treatment if the list is notable or the list is published by a notable media outlet and the list is republished or covered by other reliable sources. Bestseller lists in merchant sources like Amazon or self-published sources like personal websites, blogs, bulletin boards, wikis, and similar media are not considered reliable. Social media review sites like Goodreads and LibraryThing do not qualify for this criteria.
- Self-promotion and product placement are not the routes to having an encyclopedia article. The published works must be someone else writing about the book. (See விக்கிப்பீடியா:தன்வரலாறு for the verifiability and neutrality problems that affect material where the subject of the article itself is the source of the material). The barometer of notability is whether people independent of the subject itself (or of its author, publisher, vendor or agent) have actually considered the book notable enough that they have written and published non-trivial works that focus upon it.
- This includes both primary and secondary schools.
- This criterion does not include textbooks or reference books written specifically for study in educational programs, but only independent works deemed sufficiently significant to be the subject of study themselves, such as major works in philosophy, literature, or science.
- Certain print-on-demand book publishers, such as PublishAmerica, claim to be "traditional" advance- and royalty-paying publishers rather than vanity presses. Regardless of exact definitions, PublishAmerica and similar presses are to be considered vanity presses for purposes of assessing notability based on the manner works are published through them.
- Publication by a prominent academic press should be accorded far more weight than the analogous benchmark defined for publication of mainstream book by well known commercial publishers, by virtue of the non-commercial nature of such presses, and the peer review process that some academic books must pass before publication is allowed to go forward. See university presses for a partial list of such presses. Note that because a large portion of (en.)Wikipedia articles are written by English speaking people from English speaking nations, this list currently has an English speaking bias.
- A book's subject may be so specialized, such as in the esoteric math or physics spheres, that only a few hundred (or fewer) people in the world are situated to understand and comment on the material.
- "catalogue.bl.uk". catalogue.bl.uk (1994-11-06). பார்த்த நாள் 2014-01-04.
- "catalog.loc.gov". catalog.loc.gov (2013-05-14). பார்த்த நாள் 2014-01-04.
- "litencyc.com". litencyc.com. பார்த்த நாள் 2014-01-04.
- "Norton Anthology of World Literature: W. W. Norton StudySpace". Wwnorton.com. பார்த்த நாள் 2014-01-04.
- Time:1:47. "worldcat.org". worldcat.org. பார்த்த நாள் 2014-01-04.
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