இலக்கியத்துக்கான நோபல் பரிசு பெற்றவர்களின் பட்டியல்

கட்டற்ற கலைக்களஞ்சியமான விக்கிப்பீடியாவில் இருந்து.
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இலக்கியத்துக்கான நோபல் பரிசு பெற்றவர்கள்[தொகு]

ஆண்டு படிமம் பரிசாளர் நாடு மொழி மேற்கோள் உரை வகையினம்
1901 Sully-Prudhomme.jpg சல்லி புருதோம்  France French "in special recognition of his poetic composition, which gives evidence of lofty idealism, artistic perfection and a rare combination of the qualities of both heart and intellect"[1] poetry, essay
1902 T-mommsen-2.jpg Theodor Mommsen  Germany German "the greatest living master of the art of historical writing, with special reference to his monumental work, A History of Rome"[2] history, law
1903 Portrett av Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson, 1909 - no-nb digifoto 20150129 00043 bldsa BB0791.jpg Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson வார்ப்புரு:நாட்டுத் தகவல் Union between Sweden and Norway Norwegian "as a tribute to his noble, magnificent and versatile poetry, which has always been distinguished by both the freshness of its inspiration and the rare purity of its spirit"[3] poetry, novel, drama
1904 Frederic Mistral portrait photo.jpg Frédéric Mistral  France Provençal "in recognition of the fresh originality and true inspiration of his poetic production, which faithfully reflects the natural scenery and native spirit of his people, and, in addition, his significant work as a Provençal philologist"[4] poetry, philology
José Echegaray y Eizaguirre.jpg José Echegaray வார்ப்புரு:நாட்டுத் தகவல் Restoration (Spain) Spanish "in recognition of the numerous and brilliant compositions which, in an individual and original manner, have revived the great traditions of the Spanish drama"[4] drama
1905 Henryk Sienkiewicz 02.jpg Henryk Sienkiewicz  போலந்து Polish "because of his outstanding merits as an epic writer"[5] novel
1906 Carducci.jpg Giosuè Carducci  Italy Italian "not only in consideration of his deep learning and critical research, but above all as a tribute to the creative energy, freshness of style, and lyrical force which characterize his poetic masterpieces"[6] poetry
1907 Kiplingcropped.jpg இரட்யார்ட் கிப்ளிங்  United Kingdom English "in consideration of the power of observation, originality of imagination, virility of ideas and remarkable talent for narration that characterize the creations of this world-famous author"[7] novel, short story, poetry
1908 Rudolf Christoph Eucken.jpg Rudolf Christoph Eucken  Germany German "in recognition of his earnest search for truth, his penetrating power of thought, his wide range of vision, and the warmth and strength in presentation with which in his numerous works he has vindicated and developed an idealistic philosophy of life"[8] philosophy
1909 Selma Lagerlöf.jpg செல்மா லோவிசா லேகர்லாவ்  சுவீடன் Swedish "in appreciation of the lofty idealism, vivid imagination and spiritual perception that characterize her writings"[9] novel, short story
1910 Die Gartenlaube (1867) b 565.jpg Paul von Heyse  Germany German "as a tribute to the consummate artistry, permeated with idealism, which he has demonstrated during his long productive career as a lyric poet, dramatist, novelist and writer of world-renowned short stories"[10] poetry, drama, novel, short story
1911 Maurice Maeterlinck.jpg Maurice Maeterlinck  பெல்ஜியம் French "in appreciation of his many-sided literary activities, and especially of his dramatic works, which are distinguished by a wealth of imagination and by a poetic fancy, which reveals, sometimes in the guise of a fairy tale, a deep inspiration, while in a mysterious way they appeal to the readers' own feelings and stimulate their imaginations"[11] drama, poetry, essay
1912 Gerhart Hauptmann nobel.jpg Gerhart Hauptmann  Germany German "primarily in recognition of his fruitful, varied and outstanding production in the realm of dramatic art"[12] drama, novel
1913 Rabindranath Tagore in 1909.jpg இரவீந்திரநாத் தாகூர்  India (formerly British Raj) Bengali and English "because of his profoundly sensitive, fresh and beautiful verse, by which, with consummate skill, he has made his poetic thought, expressed in his own English words, a part of the literature of the West"[13] poetry, novel, drama, short story, music
1914 Not awarded
1915 Romain Rolland 1915.jpg ரோமைன் ரோலண்ட்  France French "as a tribute to the lofty idealism of his literary production and to the sympathy and love of truth with which he has described different types of human beings"[14] novel
1916 Verner von Heidenstam in 1915.jpg Verner von Heidenstam  சுவீடன் Swedish "in recognition of his significance as the leading representative of a new era in our literature"[15] poetry, novel
1917 Karl Gjellerup.jpg Karl Adolph Gjellerup  டென்மார்க் Danish "for his varied and rich poetry, which is inspired by lofty ideals"[16] poetry
Henrik Pontoppidan 1917.jpg Henrik Pontoppidan  டென்மார்க் Danish "for his authentic descriptions of present-day life in Denmark"[16] novel
1918 Not awarded
1919 Carl Spitteler 1919.jpg Carl Spitteler  சுவிட்சர்லாந்து German "in special appreciation of his epic, Olympian Spring"[17] poetry
1920 Knut Hamsun.jpeg Knut Hamsun  நோர்வே Norwegian "for his monumental work, Growth of the Soil"[18] novel
1921 Anatole France 1921.jpg Anatole France  France French "in recognition of his brilliant literary achievements, characterized as they are by a nobility of style, a profound human sympathy, grace, and a true Gallic temperament"[19] novel, poetry
1922 Jacinto Benavente y Martinez.jpg Jacinto Benavente வார்ப்புரு:நாட்டுத் தகவல் Restoration (Spain) Spanish "for the happy manner in which he has continued the illustrious traditions of the Spanish drama"[20] drama
1923 William Butler Yeats by George Charles Beresford.jpg William Butler Yeats வார்ப்புரு:நாட்டுத் தகவல் Irish Free State English "for his always inspired poetry, which in a highly artistic form gives expression to the spirit of a whole nation"[21] poetry
1924 Władysław Reymont.jpg Władysław Reymont வார்ப்புரு:நாட்டுத் தகவல் Second Polish Republic Polish "for his great national epic, The Peasants"[22] novel
1925 ஜார்ஜ் பெர்னாட் ஷா வார்ப்புரு:நாட்டுத் தகவல் Irish Free State English "for his work which is marked by both idealism and humanity, its stimulating satire often being infused with a singular poetic beauty"[23] drama, literary criticism
1926 Grazia Deledda 1926.jpg Grazia Deledda  Italy Italian "for her idealistically inspired writings, which with plastic clarity picture the life on her native island and with depth and sympathy deal with human problems in general"[24] poetry, novel
1927 Bergson-Nobel-photo.jpg என்றி பெர்குசன்  France French "in recognition of his rich and vitalizing ideas and the brilliant skill with which they have been presented"[25] philosophy
1928 Sigrid Undset crop.jpg Sigrid Undset  நோர்வே
(Born in டென்மார்க்)
Norwegian "principally for her powerful descriptions of Northern life during the Middle Ages"[26] novel
1929 Thomas Mann 1937.jpg தாமசு மாண்  Germany German "principally for his great novel, Buddenbrooks, which has won steadily increased recognition as one of the classic works of contemporary literature"[27] novel, short story, essay
1930 Sinclair Lewis 1930.jpg சிங்ளேர் லுயிஸ்  ஐக்கிய அமெரிக்கா English "for his vigorous and graphic art of description and his ability to create, with wit and humour, new types of characters"[28] novel, short story, drama
1931 Erik Axel Karlfeldt.jpg Erik Axel Karlfeldt  சுவீடன் Swedish "The poetry of Erik Axel Karlfeldt"[29] poetry
1932 John galsworthy.jpg ஜோன் கால்ஸ்வர்தி  ஐக்கிய இராச்சியம் English "for his distinguished art of narration, which takes its highest form in The Forsyte Saga"[30] novel
1933 Ivan Bunin 1933.jpg Ivan Bunin  France
(Born in Russia)
Russian "for the strict artistry with which he has carried on the classical Russian traditions in prose writing"[31] short story, poetry, novel
1934 Luigi Pirandello 1932.jpg Luigi Pirandello  இத்தாலி Italian "for his bold and ingenious revival of dramatic and scenic art"[32] drama, novel, short story
1935 Not awarded
1936 Eugene O'Neill 1936.jpg Eugene O'Neill  ஐக்கிய அமெரிக்கா English "for the power, honesty and deep-felt emotions of his dramatic works, which embody an original concept of tragedy"[33] drama
1937 Roger Martin du Gard 1937.jpg Roger Martin du Gard  France French "for the artistic power and truth with which he has depicted human conflict as well as some fundamental aspects of contemporary life in his novel cycle Les Thibault"[34] novel
1938 Pearl Buck (Nobel).jpg பெர்ல் பக்  ஐக்கிய அமெரிக்கா English "for her rich and truly epic descriptions of peasant life in China and for her biographical masterpieces"[35] novel, biography
1939 FransEemilSillanpää.jpg Frans Eemil Sillanpää  பின்லாந்து Finnish "for his deep understanding of his country's peasantry and the exquisite art with which he has portrayed their way of life and their relationship with Nature"[36] novel
1940 Not awarded
1941 Not awarded
1942 Not awarded
1943 Not awarded
1944 Johannes Vilhelm Jensen 1944.jpg யொகான்னசு வி. யென்சென்  டென்மார்க் Danish "for the rare strength and fertility of his poetic imagination with which is combined an intellectual curiosity of wide scope and a bold, freshly creative style"[37] poetry
1945 Gabriela Mistral-01 cropped.jpg கேப்ரியெலா மிஸ்திரெல்  சிலி Spanish "for her lyric poetry, which inspired by powerful emotions, has made her name a symbol of the idealistic aspirations of the entire Latin American world"[38] poetry
1946 Hermann Hesse 1946.jpg ஹேர்மன் ஹெசே  சுவிட்சர்லாந்து
(Born in Germany)
German "for his inspired writings, which while growing in boldness and penetration, exemplify the classical humanitarian ideals and high qualities of style"[39] novel, poetry
1947 André Gide.jpg André Gide வார்ப்புரு:நாட்டுத் தகவல் French Fourth Republic French "for his comprehensive and artistically significant writings, in which human problems and conditions have been presented with a fearless love of truth and keen psychological insight"[40] novel, essay
1948 Thomas Stearns Eliot by Lady Ottoline Morrell (1934).jpg தாமஸ் ஸ்டியன்ஸ் எலியட்  ஐக்கிய இராச்சியம்
(Born in the அமெரிக்க ஐக்கிய நாடுகள்)
English "for his outstanding, pioneer contribution to present-day poetry"[41] poetry
1949 Carl Van Vechten - William Faulkner.jpg வில்லியம் பால்க்னர்  ஐக்கிய அமெரிக்கா English "for his powerful and artistically unique contribution to the modern American novel"[42] novel, short story
1950 Bertrand Russell transparent bg.png பெர்ட்ரண்டு ரசல்  ஐக்கிய இராச்சியம் English "in recognition of his varied and significant writings in which he champions humanitarian ideals and freedom of thought"[43] philosophy
1951 Lagerkvist.jpg Pär Lagerkvist  சுவீடன் Swedish "for the artistic vigour and true independence of mind with which he endeavours in his poetry to find answers to the eternal questions confronting mankind"[44] poetry, novel, short story, drama
1952 François Mauriac (1932).jpg François Mauriac வார்ப்புரு:நாட்டுத் தகவல் French Fourth Republic French "for the deep spiritual insight and the artistic intensity with which he has in his novels penetrated the drama of human life"[45] novel, short story
1953 Churchill portrait NYP 45063.jpg வின்ஸ்டன் சர்ச்சில்  ஐக்கிய இராச்சியம் English "for his mastery of historical and biographical description as well as for brilliant oratory in defending exalted human values"[46] history, essay, memoirs
1954 ErnestHemingway.jpg ஏர்னெஸ்ட் ஹெமிங்வே  ஐக்கிய அமெரிக்கா English "for his mastery of the art of narrative, most recently demonstrated in கிழவனும் கடலும், and for the influence that he has exerted on contemporary style"[47] novel, short story, screenplay
1955 Halldór Kiljan Laxness 1955.jpg ஹால்டார் லேக்ஸ்நஸ்ஸின்  ஐசுலாந்து Icelandic "for his vivid epic power, which has renewed the great narrative art of Iceland"[48] novel, short story, drama, poetry
1956 JRJimenez.JPG வான் ரமோன் ஹிமெனெஸ்  எசுப்பானியா Spanish "for his lyrical poetry, which in Spanish language constitutes an example of high spirit and artistical purity"[49] poetry
1957 Albert Camus, gagnant de prix Nobel, portrait en buste, posé au bureau, faisant face à gauche, cigarette de tabagisme.jpg அல்பேர்ட் காம்யு வார்ப்புரு:நாட்டுத் தகவல் French Fourth Republic
(Born in French Algeria)
French "for his important literary production, which with clear-sighted earnestness illuminates the problems of the human conscience in our times"[50] novel, short story, drama, philosophy, essay
1958 Boris Pasternak in youth.jpg போரிஸ் பாஸ்ரர்நாக்  சோவியத் ஒன்றியம் Russian "for his important achievement both in contemporary lyrical poetry and in the field of the great Russian epic tradition"[51] novel, poetry, translation
1959 Salvatore Quasimodo 1959.jpg Salvatore Quasimodo  இத்தாலி Italian "for his lyrical poetry, which with classical fire expresses the tragic experience of life in our own times"[52] poetry
1960 Saint-John Perse 1960.jpg Saint-John Perse  பிரான்சு
(Born in Guadeloupe)
French "for the soaring flight and the evocative imagery of his poetry, which in a visionary fashion reflects the conditions of our time"[53] poetry
1961 S. Kragujevic, Ivo Andric, 1961.jpg Ivo Andrić  யுகோசுலாவியா
(Born in ஆத்திரியா-அங்கேரி)
செருபோகுரோவாசிய மொழி[54] "for the epic force with which he has traced themes and depicted human destinies drawn from the history of his country"[55] novel, short story
1962 JohnSteinbeck crop.JPG John Steinbeck  ஐக்கிய அமெரிக்கா English "for his realistic and imaginative writings, combining as they do sympathetic humour and keen social perception"[56] novel, short story, screenplay
1963 Giorgos Seferis 1963.jpg Giorgos Seferis  Greece
(Born in the உதுமானியப் பேரரசு)
Greek "for his eminent lyrical writing, inspired by a deep feeling for the Hellenic world of culture"[57] poetry, essay, memoirs
1964 Jean-Paul Sartre FP.JPG இழான் பவுல் சார்த்ர  பிரான்சு French "for his work, which rich in ideas and filled with the spirit of freedom and the quest for truth, has exerted a far-reaching influence on our age"[58] novel, philosophy, drama, literary criticism, screenplay
1965 Sholokhov-1938.jpg மிகயில் ஷோலகவ்  சோவியத் ஒன்றியம் Russian "for the artistic power and integrity with which, in his epic of the Don, he has given expression to a historic phase in the life of the Russian people"[59] novel
1966 Agnon.jpg Shmuel Yosef Agnon  இசுரேல்
(Born in ஆத்திரியா-அங்கேரி)
Hebrew "for his profoundly characteristic narrative art with motifs from the life of the Jewish people"[60] novel, short story
Nelly Sachs 1966.jpg நெல்லி சாக்ஸ்  சுவீடன்
(Born in Germany)
German "for her outstanding lyrical and dramatic writing, which interprets Israel's destiny with touching strength"[60] poetry, drama
1967 MiguelAngelAsturias.JPG Miguel Ángel Asturias  குவாத்தமாலா Spanish "for his vivid literary achievement, deep-rooted in the national traits and traditions of Indian peoples of Latin America"[61] novel, poetry
1968 Yasunari Kawabata 1938.jpg யசுனாரி கவபட்டா  சப்பான் Japanese "for his narrative mastery, which with great sensibility expresses the essence of the Japanese mind"[62] novel, short story
1969 Samuel Beckett, f11.jpg Samuel Beckett வார்ப்புரு:நாட்டுத் தகவல் Irish Free State English and French "for his writing, which - in new forms for the novel and drama - in the destitution of modern man acquires its elevation"[63] novel, drama, poetry
1970 Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn 1974crop.jpg அலெக்சாண்டர் சோல்செனிட்சின்  சோவியத் ஒன்றியம் Russian "for the ethical force with which he has pursued the indispensable traditions of Russian literature"[64] novel
1971 Pablo Neruda.jpg பாப்லோ நெருடா  சிலி Spanish "for a poetry that with the action of an elemental force brings alive a continent's destiny and dreams"[65] poetry
1972 Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F062164-0004, Bonn, Heinrich Böll.jpg Heinrich Böll  மேற்கு செருமனி German "for his writing, which through its combination of a broad perspective on his time and a sensitive skill in characterization has contributed to a renewal of German literature"[66] novel, short story
1973 Patrick White 1973.jpg Patrick White  ஆத்திரேலியா
(Born in the ஐக்கிய இராச்சியம்)
English "for an epic and psychological narrative art, which has introduced a new continent into literature"[67] novel, short story, drama
1974 Eyvind.JPG Eyvind Johnson  சுவீடன் Swedish "for a narrative art, farseeing in lands and ages, in the service of freedom"[68] novel
Harry Martinson.jpg ஹரி மார்ட்டின்சன்  சுவீடன் Swedish "for writings that catch the dewdrop and reflect the cosmos"[68] poetry, novel, drama
1975 Eugenio Montale.jpg எயுஜேனியோ மொண்டாலே  இத்தாலி Italian "for his distinctive poetry, which, with great artistic sensitivity, has interpreted human values under the sign of an outlook on life with no illusions"[69] poetry
1976 Saul Bellow  ஐக்கிய அமெரிக்கா
(Born in கனடா)
English "for the human understanding and subtle analysis of contemporary culture that are combined in his work"[70] novel, short story
1977 Vicentealeixandre.jpg Vicente Aleixandre  எசுப்பானியா Spanish "for a creative poetic writing, which illuminates man's condition in the cosmos and in present-day society, at the same time representing the great renewal of the traditions of Spanish poetry between the wars"[71] poetry
1978 Isaac Bashevis Singer (upright).jpg ஐசக் பாஷவிஸ் சிங்கர்  ஐக்கிய அமெரிக்கா
(Born in போலந்து)
Yiddish "for his impassioned narrative art which, with roots in a Polish-Jewish cultural tradition, brings universal human conditions to life"[72] novel, short story, memoirs
1979 Odysseas Elytis 1974.jpg Odysseas Elytis  கிரேக்க நாடு Greek "for his poetry, which, against the background of Greek tradition, depicts with sensuous strength and intellectual clear-sightedness modern man's struggle for freedom and creativeness"[73] poetry, essay
1980 Czesław Miłosz 2011(Lt, detail).jpg Czesław Miłosz  போலந்து (born in Lithuania) Polish "who with uncompromising clear-sightedness voices man's exposed condition in a world of severe conflicts"[74] poetry, essay
1981 Elias Canetti 2.jpg Elias Canetti  ஐக்கிய இராச்சியம்
(Born in Bulgaria)
German "for writings marked by a broad outlook, a wealth of ideas and artistic power"[75] novel, drama, memoirs, essay
1982 Gabriel Garcia Marquez.jpg கபிரியேல் கார்சியா மார்க்கேஸ்  கொலம்பியா Spanish "for his novels and short stories, in which the fantastic and the realistic are combined in a richly composed world of imagination, reflecting a continent's life and conflicts"[76] novel, short story, screenplay
1983 William Golding 1983.jpg வில்லியம் கோல்டிங்  ஐக்கிய இராச்சியம் English "for his novels, which with the perspicuity of realistic narrative art and the diversity and universality of myth, illuminate the human condition in the world of today"[77] novel, poetry, drama
1984 Jaroslav Seifert 1981 foto Hana Hamplová.jpg Jaroslav Seifert  செக்கோசிலோவாக்கியா
(Born in ஆத்திரியா-அங்கேரி)
Czech "for his poetry, which endowed with freshness, and rich inventiveness provides a liberating image of the indomitable spirit and versatility of man"[78] poetry
1985 Claude Simon 1967.jpg கிளாட் சிமோன்  பிரான்சு
(Born in French Madagascar)
French "who in his novel combines the poet's and the painter's creativeness with a deepened awareness of time in the depiction of the human condition"[79] novel
1986 Soyinka, Wole (1934).jpg வோலே சொயிங்கா  நைஜீரியா English "who in a wide cultural perspective and with poetic overtones fashions the drama of existence"[80] drama, novel, poetry
1987 Joseph Brodsky 1988.jpg Joseph Brodsky  ஐக்கிய அமெரிக்கா
(Born in the சோவியத் ஒன்றியம்)
English and Russian "for an all-embracing authorship, imbued with clarity of thought and poetic intensity"[81] poetry, essay
1988 Necip Mahfuz.jpg நகிப் மஹ்ஃபூஸ்  எகிப்து Arabic "who, through works rich in nuance - now clear-sightedly realistic, now evocatively ambiguous - has formed an Arabian narrative art that applies to all mankind"[82] novel
1989 Camilo José Cela Madrid 1996.jpg Camilo José Cela  எசுப்பானியா Spanish "for a rich and intensive prose, which with restrained compassion forms a challenging vision of man's vulnerability"[83] novel, short story
1990 Octavio Paz - 1988 Malmö.jpg ஒக்டாவியோ பாஸ்  மெக்சிக்கோ Spanish "for impassioned writing with wide horizons, characterized by sensuous intelligence and humanistic integrity"[84] poetry, essay
1991 Nadine Gordimer 01.JPG நாடின் கார்டிமர்  தென்னாப்பிரிக்கா English "who through her magnificent epic writing has - in the words of Alfred Nobel - been of very great benefit to humanity"[85] novel, short story, essay
1992 Derek Walcott.jpg டெரெக் வால்காட்  செயிண்ட். லூசியா English "for a poetic oeuvre of great luminosity, sustained by a historical vision, the outcome of a multicultural commitment"[86] poetry, drama
1993 Toni Morrison 2008-2.jpg டோனி மாரிசன்  ஐக்கிய அமெரிக்கா English "who in novels characterized by visionary force and poetic import, gives life to an essential aspect of American reality"[87] novel
1994 Oe Kenzaburo 1-2.jpg Kenzaburō Ōe  சப்பான் Japanese "who with poetic force creates an imagined world, where life and myth condense to form a disconcerting picture of the human predicament today"[88] novel, short story
1995 Seamus Heaney Photograph Edit.jpg Seamus Heaney  அயர்லாந்து
(Born in the ஐக்கிய இராச்சியம்)
English "for works of lyrical beauty and ethical depth, which exalt everyday miracles and the living past"[89] poetry
1996 Szymborska 2011 (1).jpg விஸ்லவா சிம்போர்ஸ்கா  போலந்து Polish "for poetry that with ironic precision allows the historical and biological context to come to light in fragments of human reality"[90] poetry
1997 Dario Fo-Cesena.jpg Dario Fo  இத்தாலி Italian "who emulates the jesters of the Middle Ages in scourging authority and upholding the dignity of the downtrodden"[91] drama
1998 JSJoseSaramago.jpg ஜோசே சரமாகூ  போர்த்துகல் Portuguese "who with parables sustained by imagination, compassion and irony continually enables us once again to apprehend an elusory reality"[92] novel, drama, poetry
1999 Günter Grass auf dem Blauen Sofa.jpg கூன்டர் கிராசு  செருமனி German "whose frolicsome black fables portray the forgotten face of history"[93] novel, drama, poetry
2000 Gao Xingjian.jpg Gao Xingjian  பிரான்சு (since 1998)
 சீனா (1940–1998)
Chinese "for an oeuvre of universal validity, bitter insights and linguistic ingenuity, which has opened new paths for the Chinese novel and drama"[94] novel, drama, literary criticism
2001 VS Naipaul 2016 Dhaka.jpg வி. சூ. நைப்பால்  ஐக்கிய இராச்சியம்
(Born in டிரினிடாட் மற்றும் டொபாகோ)
English "for having united perceptive narrative and incorruptible scrutiny in works that compel us to see the presence of suppressed histories"[95] novel, essay
2002 Imre Kertész (1929-) Hungarian writer II. by Csaba Segesvári.JPG Imre Kertész  அங்கேரி Hungarian "for writing that upholds the fragile experience of the individual against the barbaric arbitrariness of history"[96] novel
2003 J.M. Coetzee.JPG ஜே. எம். கோட்ஸி  ஆத்திரேலியா (Born in South Africa) English "who in innumerable guises portrays the surprising involvement of the outsider"[97] novel, essay, translation
2004 Elfriede jelinek 2004 small.jpg எல்ஃபிரெட் எலினெக்  ஆஸ்திரியா German "for her musical flow of voices and counter-voices in novels and plays that with extraordinary linguistic zeal reveal the absurdity of society's clichés and their subjugating power"[98] novel, drama
2005 Pinterfoto cropped2.jpg ஹரோல்ட் பிண்டர்  ஐக்கிய இராச்சியம் English "who in his plays uncovers the precipice under everyday prattle and forces entry into oppression's closed rooms"[99] drama, screenplay
2006 Orhan Pamuk 2009 Shankbone.jpg ஓரான் பாமுக்  துருக்கி Turkish "who in the quest for the melancholic soul of his native city has discovered new symbols for the clash and interlacing of cultures"[100] novel, screenplay, essay
2007 Doris lessing 20060312 (square).jpg டோரிஸ் லெசிங்  ஐக்கிய இராச்சியம்
(Born in Iran)
English "that epicist of the female experience, who with scepticism, fire and visionary power has subjected a divided civilisation to scrutiny"[101] novel, drama, poetry, short story, memoirs
2008 Jean-Marie Gustave Le Clézio-press conference Dec 06th, 2008-2.jpg ஜெ. எம். ஜி. லெ கிளேசியோ  பிரான்சு
 மொரிசியசு
French "author of new departures, poetic adventure and sensual ecstasy, explorer of a humanity beyond and below the reigning civilization"[102] novel, short story, essay, translation
2009 Herta Müller 1.jpg எர்ட்டா முல்லர்  செருமனி
(Born in Romania)
German "who, with the concentration of poetry and the frankness of prose, depicts the landscape of the dispossessed"[103] novel, poetry
2010 Vargas Llosa Madrid 2012.jpg மாரியோ பார்க்காசு யோசா  பெரு
 எசுப்பானியா
Spanish "for his cartography of structures of power and his trenchant images of the individual's resistance, revolt, and defeat"[104] novel, short story, essay, drama, memoirs
2011 Transtroemer.jpg தோமசு திரான்சிட்ரோமர்  சுவீடன் Swedish "because, through his condensed, translucent images, he gives us fresh access to reality"[105] poetry, translation
2012 MoYan Hamburg 2008.jpg மோ யான்  சீனா Chinese "who with hallucinatory realism merges folk tales, history and the contemporary"[106] novel, short story
2013 Alice Munro.jpg ஆலிசு மன்ரோ  கனடா English "master of the contemporary short story"[107] short story
2014 Patrick Modiano 6 dec 2014 - 22.jpg பத்திரிக்கு மொதியானோ  பிரான்சு French "for the art of memory with which he has evoked the most ungraspable human destinies and uncovered the life-world of the occupation"[108] novel
2015 Swetlana Alexijewitsch 2013.jpg சிவெத்லானா அலெக்சியேவிச்  பெலருஸ்
(Born in Ukrainian SSR)
Russian "for her polyphonic writings, a monument to suffering and courage in our time" [109] history, essay
2016 Bob Dylan - Azkena Rock Festival 2010 2.jpg பாப் டிலான்  ஐக்கிய அமெரிக்கா English "for having created new poetic expressions within the great American song tradition"[110] poetry, songwriting
2017 Kazuo Ishiguro in Stockholm 2017 02.jpg கசுவோ இசுகுரோ  ஐக்கிய இராச்சியம் (born in யப்பான்) English "who, in novels of great emotional force, has uncovered the abyss beneath our illusory sense of connection with the world"[111] novel

நாடு வாரியாக இலக்கிய நோபல் பரிசாளர்கள்[தொகு]

நாடு எண்ணிக்கை
பிரான்சு 16
ஐக்கிய இராச்சியம் 11
அமெரிக்க ஐக்கிய நாடுகள் 11
ஜெர்மனி 8
சுவீடன் 8
இத்தாலி 6
எசுப்பானியா 6
அயர்லாந்து 4
போலந்து 4
உருசியா/சோவியத் ஒன்றியம் 4
டென்மார்க் 3
நோர்வே 3
சிலி 2
சீனா 2
கிரேக்கம் (நாடு) 2
யப்பான் 2
தென்னாப்பிரிக்கா 2
சுவிட்சர்லாந்து 2
ஆஸ்திரியா 1
ஆத்திரேலியா 1
பெலருஸ் 1
பெல்ஜியம் 1
பல்காரியா 1
கனடா 1
கொலம்பியா 1
செக்கோசிலோவாக்கியா 1
எகிப்து 1
பின்லாந்து 1
குவாத்தமாலா 1
அங்கேரி 1
ஐசுலாந்து 1
இந்தியா 1
இசுரேல் 1
மொரிசியசு 1
மெக்சிக்கோ 1
நைஜீரியா 1
பெரு 1
போர்த்துகல் 1
செயிண்ட் லூசியா 1
துருக்கி 1
யுகோசுலாவியா 1

எந்த நாட்டையும் சாராதவராக இவான் புனின் (1933) அறிவிக்கப்பட்டுள்ளார்.

மேற்கோள்கள்[தொகு]

General
Specific
  1. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1901". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  2. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1902". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  3. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1903". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Nobel Prize in Literature 1904". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  5. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1905". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  6. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1906". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  7. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1907". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  8. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1908". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  9. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1909". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  10. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1910". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  11. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1911". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  12. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1912". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  13. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1913". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  14. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1915". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  15. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1916". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  16. 16.0 16.1 "Nobel Prize in Literature 1917". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  17. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1919". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  18. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1920". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  19. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1921". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  20. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1922". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  21. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1923". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  22. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1924". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  23. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1925". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  24. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1926". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  25. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1927". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  26. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1928". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  27. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1929". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  28. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1930". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  29. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1931". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  30. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1932". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  31. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1933". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  32. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1934". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  33. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1936". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  34. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1937". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  35. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1938". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  36. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1939". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  37. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1944". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  38. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1945". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  39. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1946". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  40. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1947". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  41. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1948". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  42. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1949". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  43. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1950". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  44. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1951". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  45. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1952". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  46. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1953". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  47. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1954". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  48. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1955". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  49. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1956". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  50. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1957". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  51. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1958". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  52. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1959". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  53. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1960". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  54. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1961". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2013-07-09.
  55. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1961". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  56. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1962". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  57. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1963". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  58. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1964". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  59. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1965". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  60. 60.0 60.1 "Nobel Prize in Literature 1966". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  61. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1967". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  62. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1968". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  63. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1969". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  64. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1970". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  65. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1971". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  66. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1972". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  67. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1973". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  68. 68.0 68.1 "Nobel Prize in Literature 1974". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  69. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1975". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  70. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1976". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  71. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1977". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  72. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1978". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  73. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1979". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  74. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1980". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  75. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1981". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  76. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1982". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  77. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1983". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  78. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1984". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  79. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1985". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  80. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1986". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  81. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1987". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  82. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1988". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  83. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1989". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  84. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1990". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  85. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1991". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  86. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1992". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  87. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1993". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  88. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1994". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  89. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1995". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  90. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1996". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  91. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1997". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  92. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1998". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  93. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1999". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  94. "Nobel Prize in Literature 2000". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  95. "Nobel Prize in Literature 2001". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  96. "Nobel Prize in Literature 2002". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  97. "Nobel Prize in Literature 2003". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  98. "Nobel Prize in Literature 2004". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  99. "Nobel Prize in Literature 2005". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  100. "Nobel Prize in Literature 2006". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  101. "Nobel Prize in Literature 2007". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 2008-10-17.
  102. "Nobel Prize in Literature 2008". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 14 October 2008.
  103. "Nobel Prize in Literature 2009". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 8 October 2009.
  104. "Nobel Prize in Literature 2010". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 7 October 2010.
  105. "Nobel Prize in Literature 2011". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 6 October 2011.
  106. "Nobel Prize in Literature 2012". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 11 October 2012.
  107. "Nobel Prize in Literature 2013". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 27 January 2013.
  108. "Nobel Prize in Literature 2014". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 24 December 2014.
  109. "Nobel Prize in Literature 2015". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 8 October 2015.
  110. "Nobel Prize in Literature 2016". Nobel Foundation. பார்த்த நாள் 13 October 2016.
  111. "The Nobel Prize in Literature 2017 – Press Release". Nobel Prize.
Notes

^ A. The information in the country column is according to nobelprize.org, the official website of the Nobel Foundation. This information may not necessarily reflect the recipient's birthplace or citizenship.