கட்டற்ற கலைக்களஞ்சியமான விக்கிப்பீடியாவில் இருந்து.
இனக்கருவறுப்பு என்பது ஐ.நா நிபுணர் (Commission of Experts Established Pursuant to United Nations Security Council Resolution 780) ஒன்றால் பின்வருமாறு வரையறை செய்யப்படுகிறது.
ஒரு இன அல்லது சமயக் குழு திட்டமிட்ட கொள்கை மூலம், இன்னொரு இன அல்லது சமயக் குழு ஒன்றை வன்முறையாக, பயங்கரவாத வழிமுறைகளால் ஒரு குறிப்பிட்ட புவியியல் நிலப்பரப்பில் இருந்து அழித்தொழிக்கல் அல்லது வெளியேற்றல் ஆகும்.
↑Taner Akcam (2011). "Demographic Policy and the Annihilation of the Armenians" (in en). The Young Turks' Crime Against Humanity: The Armenian Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing in the Ottoman Empire. Princeton University Press. பன்னாட்டுத் தரப்புத்தக எண்:978-0-691-15333-9. "The thesis being proposed here is that the Armenian Genocide was not implemented solely as demographic engineering, but also as destruction and annihilation, and that the 5 to 10 percent principle was decisive in achieving this goal. Care was taken so that the number of Armenians deported to Syria, and those who remained behind, would not exceed 5 to 10 percent of the population of the places in which they were found. Such a result could be achieved only through annihilation... According to official Ottoman statistics, it was necessary to reduce the prewar population of 1.3 million Armenians to approximately 200,000."
↑Walling, Carrie Booth (2000). "The history and politics of ethnic cleansing". The International Journal of Human Rights4 (3–4): 47–66. doi:10.1080/13642980008406892. "Most frequently, however, the aim of ethnic cleansing is to expel the despised ethnic group through either indirect coercion or direct force, and to ensure that return is impossible. Terror is the fundamental method used to achieve this end. Methods of indirect coercion can include: introducing repressive laws and discriminatory measures designed to make minority life difficult; the deliberate failure to prevent mob violence against ethnic minorities; using surrogates to inflict violence; the destruction of the physical infrastructure upon which minority life depends; the imprisonment of male members of the ethnic group; threats to rape female members, and threats to kill. If ineffective, these indirect methods are often escalated to coerced emigration, where the removal of the ethnic group from the territory is pressured by physical force. This typically includes physical harassment and the expropriation of property. Deportation is an escalated form of direct coercion in that the forcible removal of 'undesirables' from the state's territory is organised, directed and carried out by state agents. The most serious of the direct methods, excluding genocide, is murderous cleansing, which entails the brutal and often public murder of some few in order to compel flight of the remaining group members.13 Unlike during genocide, when murder is intended to be total and an end in itself, murderous cleansing is used as a tool towards the larger aim of expelling survivors from the territory. The process can be made complete by revoking the citizenship of those who emigrate or flee.".
↑Schabas, William A. (2003). "'Ethnic Cleansing' and Genocide: Similarities and Distinctions". European Yearbook of Minority Issues Online3 (1): 109–128. doi:10.1163/221161104X00075. "The Commission considered techniques of ethnic cleansing to include murder, torture, arbitrary arrest and detention, extrajudicial executions, sexual assault, confinement of civilian populations in ghetto areas, forcible removal, displacement and deportation of civilian populations, deliberate military attacks or threats of attacks on civilians and civilian areas, and wanton destruction of property.".